Friday, March 4, 2011

sorry for the delay...

Friday, July 31, 2009

Blogger Templates

Here's a website offering superb themes for blogspot.

Check it out!

Friday, July 24, 2009

View Movie In Paint!

* Start the video in any player.[ I used VLC ]

* Open Paint.

* Now, in the player toggle the video to Full screen and press "Print screen" button on your keyboard.

* Now, Press ctrl+v [to paste] in Paint.

* Leave the player open.

* Open Paint now and see the movie !

Sunday, July 19, 2009

Geocities India is closing!

Yes, you heard it right. The free website creating service is being shut-down by the company in some countries so as to promote its new venture Yahoo! Small Business.

The annouced date of closure is 26th October,2009.

On October 26, 2009, your GeoCities site will no longer appear on the Web,
and you will no longer be able to access your GeoCities account and files.

If you're no longer using your web site, you don't need to do a thing,but if you'd
like to move your web site, or save the images and other files you've posted
online, you need to act now by downloading your files to your own computer.

To quickly download your published files and images, visit your GeoCities web site,

right-click on each page, and choose Save Page As... from the menu that appears.

Choose a location on your computer to save your files, then click OK or Save

to save the HTML and images associated with your page.

Learn more about downloading your files.

After 26th October, your websites will become irrecoverable!.

So act now!

Wednesday, July 15, 2009

Reading Bar-codes

Found this article on my computer. I don't know who the author is nevertheless,
its not my original work.

Most bar codes in the US are 12-digit UPC (Universal Product Code) barcodes, with ten

digits at the bottom of the code and one small number to each side.

Impress your friends by asking them to select a random item from the kitchen

with a removable label and cut the numbers off of the UPC barcode; you can

then proceed to read the numbers encoded in the lines.


  • Note that barcodes are made up of both black and white lines. The white spaces in between the black lines are part of the code.

  • Understand that there are four different thicknesses to the lines. Henceforth, the skinniest line will be referred to as "1," the medium-sized line as "2," the next largest line as "3." and the thickest is "4."

  • Each UPC barcode begins and ends with 101 (thin black, thin white, thin black). In the very middle of the barcode, you will notice two thin black lines sticking down between the numbers. The thin white between them, as well as the thin whites to either side, make up a 01010. Each UPC barcode has 01010 in the middle.

  • Recognize that each digit, including the small numbers that begin and end the barcode, has its own unique four-line set. 0 = 3211, 1 = 2221, 2 = 2122, 3 = 1411, 4 = 1132, 5 = 1231, 6 = 1114, 7 = 1312, 8 = 1213, 9 = 3112. (Note that the sum of bar widths numbers is 7 for all codes because each code is 7 units wide.)

  • So, the barcode above whose first two digits are 03 would start out "10132111411". Broken down this is "101-3211-1411" where 101 marks the beginning of the bar code and 3211 marks the digit 0 .


  • Barcodes from soda cans, books, video store rentals, and all the rest which are fewer than 12 digits only use the white/black/white/black scheme.

  • Memorizing the thickness of each line size takes some time (as does memorizing each digit's line sequence), but it becomes easier with practice.

  • Notice that the line colors are reversed after the center-line: The lines of the digits to the left are white/black/white/black whilst to the right they are black/white/black/white. This provides some error checking and allows the reader to know the direction in which it is scanning a code. It is also crucial so that the barcode ends with a bar rather than a space. So, actually, each digit has two codes.

  • Recognize that each digit is made up of seven equally spaced lines. So you can see from the image above that the digit 4 is made up of the 7 black and white lines in the order of 1011100 where 1 is black and 0 is white. These seven small lines become 1132 in the simplified thick or thin line system.

  • The first code is the manufacturer of the product. Many times the "Brand-X" is made by the same manufacturer (e.g., Prestone antifreeze and the Advanced Autoparts generic, 3M "Post-its" and the generic sold at OfficeMax). While there's no guarantee the quality is the same, it's probably just the same item with different coloration in a different package.

  • When the numbers that the barcode represents are printed below the bars, the first and last digits are often printed outside of the bars. While the first number is part of the company number, the last number is a check digit (known as a Mod 10 check digit). This number is calculated based on the other digits in the number.

  • You can use the check digit yourself, to ensure that you've figured out the other digits correctly. Add together all the digits in odd-numbered positions (there will be 6, from the 1st to the 11th) and multiply that sum by 3. Then add each digit in an even-numbered position (of which there are 5) to that sum. The check digit will be whatever number you need to add to that end result sum to make it a multiple of 10 (i.e., (-sum) mod 10).
    In the above example, you get 3*(0+6+0+2+1+5) + (3+0+0+9+4) = 42 + 16 = 58. So you would need to add a 2 to 58 to get a multiple of ten.

  • Note- the reason the scheme is rather complex is to allow scanning machines to detect all single-digit errors, as well as almost all swaps of two adjacent digits.

  • Formerly, printed books contained a human-readable 10-digit ISBN and a 13-digit EAN on the outside and sometimes a UPC inside. Mass market paperbacks had the reverse: a UPC on the outside (to facilitate scanning in drug stores, etc.) and an EAN on the inside front cover. That is no longer the case. Books now have a human readable 10-digit and 13-digit ISBN on the outside along with a bar code that represents the 13-digit ISBN and sometimes a price extension and since this follows the 13-digit EAN standard, it has an EAN symbol. ISBNs are now only issued as 13-digits. To convert an "old" ISBN to an EAN, you add 978 (Bookland) to the front, the first 9-digits of the ISBN and recalculate the check digit. In the future, the 979 prefix will also be used.

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Vrtex by Vibhu is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 2.5 India License.